Reconstruction of the Jacob Carroll family
Jacob Carroll (Thomas Sr.) b. 1775-1786 d. aft 1820
He married: Unknown b. 1774-1786
Children of Jacob Carroll
William Carroll b. c. 1800 Barnwell County, SC d.10 Dec 1844 Florida
Abraham Carroll* b. c. 1803-1805 Barnwell County, SC d. bef. 5 October 1868 Barnwell County, SC
married: 1) Sarah "Sallie" Hartzog
Unknown Female Carroll b. 1805-1810
Burton Carroll* b. 1808-1810 Barnwell County, SC d. 9 Sept 1893 Suwannee County, Florida
married: 1) Mary Jane Jowers 2) Lena Unknown 3) Mary Ann Unknown 4) Matilda Moore 5) Adeline Jamison (widow Fulford)
Mary J Carroll b. abt. 1813 (maiden name citation on land sale Burton Carroll to George Irvin recorded 1 May 1850)
married: 1) George Jowers b 1814
Elizabeth Carroll b. 1815 (maiden name citation on her son's George B. Nevils death certificate)
married: 1) Obadiah Nevils b. 1829
Jacob Carroll Notes
Jacob Carroll is first seen in records as mentioned in his father's, Thomas Carroll Sr., will in 1799 as his "beloved son." Jacob Carroll is next seen on the 1800 census for Barnwell County, SC. In 1803, Jacob Carroll sells his half of Windy Hill Plantation to his sister Mary Carroll. Jacob Carroll would not have sold his portion of Windy Hill Plantation unless he already owned land that he preferred over Windy Hill Plantation. I believe Jacob Carroll owned land on Tobys Creek.
I suspect he was given land by his young wife's family so they could keep and eye on them. You can see by Jacob Carroll's 1800 census that he and his wife are under 16 with one male child under 10. Ultimately, Jacob Carroll died and his children must have split his land up fairly since we see no court records for entitled lands. We see no records of gifts of deeds or estate inventory for Jacob Carroll. He clearly owed no debts or we would have seen that in court records.
There is also no document showing Jacob or Thomas Jr receiving their portion of Windy Hill Plantation. We only know it happened because of Jacob's and Thomas Jr's later sales of the land.
We find the same thing with Abraham Carroll. Abraham Carroll is mentioned in 1853 in a petition by William Carroll and Julia Shipes Carroll as owning land on Tobys Creek bounding Allen Shipes' former residence along with Benjamin Carroll, James Still, Alex Templeton, and William Gilliam. Then, in Abraham Carroll's will/probate Edward Carroll (son and administrator) says he divided everything, he paid a good amount of taxes but no mention of who got what (on the back page of Abraham Carroll's will is a 1 Dollar George Washington Revenue Stamp). The court required Edward to file returns on the profits and losses on Abraham's estate (estate filed Oct 1868) from 1870-6 May 1893. For more than 20 years Edward had to come back and file returns each year. Clearly the courts thought Abraham's estate was worth something. Abraham Carroll's name does not appear in any Deed on file as a grantor or grantee in Barnwell County, SC but he clearly owned land.
The Burton Carroll to George Irvin land sale is used as citation for Mary's, his wife's, maiden name as Jowers. But, from my research, Mary Jowers who was the wife of George Jowers happens to be Mary Carroll Jowers (daughter of Jacob Carroll sister to Burton Carroll). Either way, I do not think George Jowers was the father of Mary Jowers seen in the contract. The George Jowers seen in this contract could have been the brother of Mary Jowers Carroll.
I believe this same acreage is what is referenced in the William Carroll (Jr.) and Julia Shipes Carroll petition belonging to Abraham Carroll. Clearly in 1853, Abraham Carroll still owned land on Tobys Creek. William Carroll's son, Benjamin Carroll, is also seen on Tobys Creek near Abraham Carroll.
Jacob Carroll’s Census records
Name: Jacob Carrel
Home in 1800 (City, County, State): Barnwell, South Carolina
Free White Persons - Males - Under 10: 1 (Male b. 1800)
Free White Persons - Males -10 thru 16: 1 (Male b. 1784-1786)
Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 16: 1 (Female b. 1874-1786)
Number of Household Members Under 16: 3
Number of Household Members: 3
Name: Jacob Cabrol
Home in 1820 (City, County, State): Barnwell District, Barnwell, South Carolina
Enumeration Date: August 7, 1820
Free White Persons - Males - Under 10: 1 (Male b. 1810-1820)
Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 15: 1 (Male b. 1805-1810)
Free White Persons - Males - 45 and over: 1 (Male b. 1775-)
Free White Persons - Females - Under 10: 2 (Female b.1810-1820)
Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 15: 1 (Female b. 1805-1810)
Free White Persons - Females - 26 thru 44: 1 (Female b. 1776-1794)
Number of Persons - Engaged in Agriculture:2
Free White Persons - Under 16:5
Free White Persons - Over 25:2
Total Free White Persons:7
Total All Persons - White, Slaves, Colored, Other:7
*According to Maryln Fisher, a descendant of Abraham Carroll (her line is A.R.E. Carroll), in her mother's notes on the Carroll Family History it stated that Abraham Carroll and Burton Carroll were brothers. DNA has also proven their close relationship.